时刻小站 41


Unit 1

Section A

make word cards 制作词卡

read the textbook 阅读课本

listen to tapes 听磁带

ask the teacher for help 求助老师

study for a test 备考

work with a group 小组合作

have conversations with friends 和朋友们谈话

read aloud 朗读

improve speaking skills 提高口语技能

give a report 作报告

a slow reader 一个阅读速度慢的人

get the main ideas 获取大意

at first 起初;开始

read word by word 逐字读

word groups 意群

be patient with sb. 对某人有耐心

It takes time. 这得花时间 / 这得慢慢来。

be afraid to do / of doing sth. 害怕做某事

poor pronunciation 发音不好

fall in love with ... 爱上……

body language 身势语;肢体语言

the expression(s) on one’s face 某人脸上的表情

listen for the key words 留神听关键词

as well 也

the secret to ... ……的秘诀

language learning 语言学习

It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。

It serves you right. 你活该。

look up the word in a dictionary 在字典中查单词

take notes 记笔记

memorize sentence patterns 记忆句型

do grammar exercises 做语法练习

keep a diary in English 用英语记日记

Section B

increase reading speed 提高阅读速度

make mistakes in grammar 在语法方面犯错

be born with ... 天生具有……

the ability to learn 学习的能力

depend on 取决于;依赖

learning habits 学习习惯

have ... in common 有……共同之处

create an interest in ... 对……产生兴趣

pay attention to 注意;关注

connect ... with ... 把……和……连接或联系起来

learn from mistakes 从错误中学习

think about 考虑

Use it or lose it. 非用即失。

Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。

develop study skills 培养学习技能

write down 写下;记下

look for ways to review 寻找复习的方法

Knowledge comes from questioning. 知识源于质疑。

Unit 2

Section A

the Water Festival 泼水节

the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节

the Spring Festival 春节

the Lantern Festival 元宵节

Mother’s Day 母亲节

Father’s Day 父亲节

a little too crowded 有点太拥挤

eat out 出去吃饭

put on five pounds 体重增加了5磅

Guess what? 你猜怎么着?

in two weeks 两周以后

the hottest month of the year 一年中最热的月份

be similar to 和……相似

the Dai people 傣族

throw water at each other 互相泼水

wash away bad things 洗去晦气

have good luck in the new year 在新的一年交好运

celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival 庆祝中秋节

in the shape of a full moon 一轮满月的形状

on the Mid-Autumn night 在中秋节的晚上

traditional folk stories 传统民间故事

shoot down 射下

magic medicine 仙药

live forever 长生不老

plan to do sth. 计划做某事

refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

lay out 摆开;布置

start the tradition of ... 开始……的传统

admire the moon 赏月

Section B

trick or treat 不给糖就捣乱

light candles 点燃蜡烛

play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人

give sb. a treat 款待某人

dress up as cartoon characters 装扮成卡通人物

the true meaning of Christmas 圣诞节的真正含义

care about 关心;在意

make more money 赚更多的钱

Christmas Eve 平安夜

business partner 生意伙伴

warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事

end up 最终成为;最后处于

expect sb. to do sth. 期待某人做某事

take him back to his childhood 把他带回到童年

remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事

wake up 叫醒

decide to do sth. 决定做某事

promise to do sth. 承诺做某事

celebrate Christmas with his relatives 和他的亲戚们一起庆祝圣诞节

give gifts to people in need 把礼物给需要的人

treat everyone with kindness and warmth 对待每一个人都充满善意和温暖

spread love and joy 传播爱和快乐

Unit 3

Section A

buy some stamps 买一些邮票

get to the bookstore 到书店

on one’s right / left 在某人的右边 / 左边

beside the bank 在银行旁边

turn right / left 右拐 / 左拐

between the flower store and the bookstore 在花店和书店之间

go past the bookstore 经过书店

be excited to do sth. 对做某事感到兴奋

try the rides 尝试乘骑项目

start with ... 以……开始

need to do sth. 需要做某事

come on 快点儿

hold one’s hand 抓住某人的手

at first 首先;最初

get hungry 饿了

serve delicious food 提供美味的食物

on one’s way to ... 在某人去……的路上

pass by 路过;经过

a rock band 一个摇滚乐队

walk up to sb. 向某人走去

come a little earlier 早点儿来

pardon me 抱歉,对不起;什么,请再说一遍

mail a letter 寄信

go east 朝东走

Section B

visit a foreign country 去国外游览

ask for help politely 礼貌地请求帮助

sound less polite / impolite 听起来不怎么礼貌 / 不礼貌

a direct question 一个直接的问题

in different situations 在不同的情况下

depend on 取决于

speak to sb. 和某人说话

school trip 学校旅行

such as 诸如

e-mail address 电子邮箱地址

lead in to a request 导入请求

spend time (in) doing sth. 花费时间做某事

trouble sb. 麻烦某人

communicate better with other people 更好地与他人交流

an underground parking lot 一个地下停车场

pass the salt 递一下盐

change some money 兑换一些钱

go on a short study vacation 去游学

an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家

in a rush 急忙地

on time 按时

Unit 4

Section A

have straight hair / curly hair 留着直发 / 卷发

be silent in class 在课堂上保持沉默

be interested in ... 对……感兴趣

on a basketball team 在篮球队

from time to time 时常;有时

turn red 变红

get good scores on the exams 在考试中取得好成绩

wear glasses 戴着眼镜

take up singing 开始唱歌

deal with her shyness 克服她的羞怯

dare to do sth. 敢做某事

not ... anymore 不再……

in front of crowds 在众人面前

all the time 频繁;反复

get tons of attention 被众人所关注;吸引无数目光

worry about ... / be worried about ...


be careful about ... 对……小心

private time 私人时间

hang out with friends 和朋友们闲逛

give up your normal life 放弃你正常的生活

the road to success 成功之路

fight on 奋力坚持下去;继续战斗

require a lot of talent and hard work 需要很大的天赋和勤奋

make it to the top 成功;出人头地

give a speech 发表演讲

in public 公开地;在别人面前

Section B

be nervous about tests 考试紧张

do well in school 在学校表现好

cause problems 制造麻烦

move to the city 搬到城市

look for jobs 找工作

take care of sb. 照顾某人

miss his parents 想念他的父母

feel lonely and unhappy 感到孤独和不开心

influence his schoolwork 影响他的学业

be absent from classes 缺课;缺勤

fail his examinations 他的考试不及格

make the decision to do sth. 决定做某事

make friends 交朋友

leave the school 离开学校

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

in person 亲身;亲自

take a 24-hour train ride 乘坐24个小时的火车

even though 即使;虽然

think of sb. 想起某人

take pride in / be proud of 为……骄傲;为……感到自豪

become active in many other activities 在许多别的活动中变得积极

have a long talk 长谈

send sb. to a boarding school 将某人送到一所寄宿学校

Unit 5

Section A

be made of / from ... 由……制成

be made in ... 在……(地方 / 时间)制造

the art and science fair 艺术与科学博览会

environmental protection 环境保护

be known / famous / well-known for ... 以……闻名;为人知晓

by hand 用手工;靠手做

be sent for processing 被送去加工

be good for ... 对……有好处

no matter 不论;无论

in the local shops 在当地商店里

even though 即使;虽然

American brands 美国品牌

avoid doing sth. 避免做某事

in fact 确切地说;事实上;实际上

everyday things 日常用品

in the future 将来

high-technology products 高科技产品

the earth’s surface 地球表面

traffic accidents 交通事故

Section B

fly a kite 放风筝

an international kite festival 国际风筝节

go on a vacation to ... 去……度假

special forms of traditional art 特别的传统艺术形式

turn ... into ... 把……变成……

according to 根据

Chinese history 中国历史

sky lanterns 许愿灯

send ... out 发送……

in trouble 处于困境;遇到麻烦

be covered with ... 被 / 用……覆盖

rise into the air 升入空中

hot-air balloons 热气球

symbols of happiness and good wishes 幸福和美好愿望的象征

paper cutting 剪纸

put ... on windows, doors and walls 把……贴在窗户上、门上和墙上

Chinese clay art 中国泥塑艺术

fairy tale 童话 / 神话故事

historical story 历史故事

at a very high heat 在高温下

be used for doing sth.(=be used to do sth.) 被用来做某事

Unit 6

Section A

shoes with special heels 有特殊鞋跟的鞋

shoes with lights 带灯的鞋

hot ice-cream scoop 可加热的冰激凌勺

run on electricity 靠电力运行

the style of the shoes 鞋的款式

be used for ... 被用来做……

think of 想出

With pleasure! 乐意效劳!

such a great invention 如此伟大的一项发明

in our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中

have a point 有道理

see a website 看到一个网站

the pioneers of different inventions 不同发明的先驱者

by accident 偶然;意外地

boil drinking water over an open fire 在篝火上烧水

fall / drop into ... 掉进……

produce a nice smell 产生一种香味

the saint of tea 茶圣

in less than 100 years 在不到一百年的时间里

national drink 国饮

take place 发生;出现

tea culture 茶文化

without doubt 毫无疑问;的确

understand the nature of tea 了解茶的本质

sell ... at a low price 低价卖……

translate ... into ... 把……翻译成……

all of a sudden 突然;猛地

ring the bell 按门铃

musical notes 乐符

Section B

potato chips 炸薯条;炸土豆片

by mistake 错误地;无意中

in the end 最后

put lots of salt on ... 在……上面撒很多盐

a much-loved and active sport 一种备受欢迎而且剧烈的运动

more than 超过;多于

in history 历史上

a college teacher 一位大学老师

divide ... into 把……分开

get the ball in the other team’s basket 把球投进对方篮筐

at the same time 同时

stop ... from doing ... 阻止……做……

dream of 梦想;幻想;向往

not only ... but also ... 不但……而且……

the number of ... ……的数量

look up to these basketball heroes 钦佩 / 仰慕这些篮球英雄

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

achieve their dreams 实现他们的梦想

come up with 提出;想出

lead to 导致

Unit 7

Section A

driver’s license = driving license 驾照

no way 不行;不可能

be worried about your safety 担心你的安全

be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事

have part-time jobs 做兼职工作

get their ears pierced 扎耳洞

serious enough 足够严肃 / 认真

cut one’s hair 理发;剪发

wear earrings 戴耳环

be excited about doing sth. 对做某事感到兴奋

take lots of photos 拍很多照片

use a flash 使用闪光灯

stay by one’s side 陪伴在某人身旁

run through the field 跑过田野

make sure 确保

give sb. a hug 给某人一个拥抱

lift sb. up 把某人扶 / 抬 / 举起来

talk back (to sb.) (和某人)回嘴 / 顶嘴

watch scary movies 看恐怖电影

be back by ten 10点以前回来

think back to those times 回想那些时光

have scary dreams 做噩梦

regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事

do social work for their community 为他们的社区做社会福利工作

keep ... away from ... 避免……接近……;使……远离……

give sb. a chance to do sth. 给某人一个机会做某事

make one’s own decision(s) 自己做决定

move out 搬出去

be educated to do sth. 被教育做某事

from a young age 从小

manage their own lives 成功应对他们自己的生活

Section B

pass / take the test 通过 / 参加考试

be strict with sb. 对某人严格

get in the way of ... 挡……的路;妨碍……

a professional runner 职业跑步运动员

grow up 成长;长大;成熟

achieve his dreams 实现他的梦想

support every one of his races 支持他的每一次比赛

have nothing against sth. 不反对某事

think about other possible jobs 考虑其他可能的工作

end up as ... 最终成为……

decide for myself 我自己做决定

make this choice myself 我自己做这个选择

enter university 上大学

be serious about ... 严肃 / 认真对待……

spend more time on his homework 在他的家庭作业上多花点时间

care about 关心;在意

have a chance to do sth. 有机会做某事

Unit 8

Section A

toy truck 玩具卡车

at the picnic 在野餐

hair band 发带

belong to sb. 属于某人

attend a concert 参加音乐会

the rest of my friends 我的其他朋友

pick up sth. / pick sth. up 捡起某物

something unusual 一些不寻常的事情

next-door neighbor 隔壁邻居

at first 起初;起先

feel uneasy 感到心神不安

go away 离开

make (a) noise / make noises 制造噪音

think of 考虑;想起;认为

take a shower 洗淋浴

cough a lot 咳嗽得厉害

feel sleepy 觉得瞌睡

look like 看上去像

Section B

run after 追逐;追赶

a woman with a camera 一个拿着照相机的女人

run for exercise 跑步锻炼

wear a suit 穿着西装

catch a bus 赶公交车

at the same time 同时;一起

one of Britain’s most famous historical places 英国最著名的历史古迹之一

receive more than 750,000 visitors 接待75万多名游客

see the sun rising 看日出

the longest day of the year 一年中白昼最长的一天

ancient leaders 古代首领

communicate with 交流

point out 指出

a kind of calendar 一种日历

in a certain way 以某种方式

on midsummer’s morning 在仲夏的早晨

shine directly into the center of the stones 直射巨石阵的中央

prevent illness 预防疾病

for a special purpose 为了一个特殊的目的

a burial place 一个墓地

a place to honor ancestors 一个纪念祖先的地方

celebrate a victory over an enemy 庆祝打败敌人的胜利

over a long period of time 在很长一段时间内

a group of ... 一群……

stop sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

Unit 9

Section A

dance to music 随着音乐跳舞

sing along with music 随着音乐唱歌

electronic music 电子音乐

smooth music 悦耳的音乐

have spare time 有空

in that case 既然那样;假使那样的话

World War II 第二次世界大战

feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

stick to 坚持;固守

cheer sb. up 使某人高兴起来

funny dialogs 滑稽好笑的对话

have a happy ending 有一个美满的结局

plenty of information 大量信息

action movies 动作片

shut off my brain 屏蔽我的大脑

save the world in time 及时拯救世界

once in a while 偶尔地;间或

scary movies 恐怖片

Section B

in total 总共;总计

take sb. to a concert 带某人去听音乐会

Chinese folk music 中国民间音乐

under the beauty 在美的背后

sense a strong sadness and pain 感受到一种强烈的悲伤和痛苦

one of the most moving pieces of music 最感人的曲子之一

cry along with ... 随着……哭泣

look up the history of ... 查阅……的历史

a folk musician 一位民间音乐家

be born in the city of ... 出生在……市

teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

play many musical instruments 演奏许多乐器

by age 17 17岁前

musical ability 音乐天赋

develop a serious illness 患了一种严重的病

become blind 眼睛瞎了

play music to make money 以演奏音乐为生

get married 结婚

continue to do sth. 继续做某事

perform in this way 以这种方式表演

amazing musical skills 惊人的音乐技巧

during his lifetime 在他的有生之年

by the end of his life 到他临终前

one of China’s national treasures 中国国宝之一

paint a picture of Abing’s own life 描绘阿炳自己的生活

touch the hearts of people 触动人们的心灵

praise sb. as ... 称赞某人为……

Unit 10

Section A

be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事

shake hands 握手

meet for the first time 第一次见面

be expected to do sth. 被期望 / 要求做某事

an exchange student 一名交换生

greet sb. the wrong way 以错误的方式和某人打招呼

make some mistakes 犯一些错误

welcome party 欢迎派对

as soon as 一……就……

hold out my hand 伸出我的手

to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是

kiss sb. on both sides of sb.’s face 亲吻某人的脸颊

be relaxed about time 时间观念不强

a little / bit late 有点儿晚

enjoy our time slowly 慢慢享受我们的时光

value time 珍惜时间

in our everyday lives 在我们的日常生活中

drop by 顺便访问;随便进入

make plans to do sth. / plan to do sth. 计划做某事

be on time 守时 after all 毕竟;终归

get mad 大动肝火;气愤

make an effort to do sth. 努力做某事

avoid heavy traffic 避开拥堵的交通

keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

It’s no big deal. 这没什么大不了的。

wear a suit and tie 穿西装、打领带

go abroad 出国

clean ... off 把……擦掉

during the winter season 在冬季期间

take off 脱下(衣服);(飞机等)起飞

pack warm clothes 打包暖和的衣服

eastern European countries 东欧国家

table manners 餐桌礼仪

Section B

stick your chopsticks into the food 把筷子插进食物里

use your chopsticks to hit an empty bowl 用你的筷子敲空碗

point at anyone with your chopsticks 用筷子指着任何人

thanks for ... 因……而感谢

host family 寄宿家庭

go out of one’s way 特地;格外努力

make ... feel at home 使……感到宾至如归

about one’s age 和某人年龄相仿

be comfortable doing sth. 轻松做某事

the biggest challenge 最大的挑战

learn how to behave at the dinner table 学习如何在餐桌上表现得体

be different from ... 和……不同

cut up 切碎

get used to 习惯于

have a good school year 度过一个愉快的学年

behave properly 举止得体

have a safe trip 旅途安全

show up 露面;出现

knock on / at the door 敲门

Unit 11

Section A

wait for 等待

drive sb. crazy / mad 使某人发疯 / 发狂

have a lot in common 有许多相同之处

be friends with sb. 成为某人的朋友

each time 每次

feel left out 觉得被冷落

make our friendship stronger 使我们的友谊更加牢固

feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

as pale as chalk 苍白

cry for no reason 无端哭泣

call in 召来;叫来

neither ... nor ... 既不……也不……

prime minister 首相;大臣

lose one’s power 失去权力

take one’s position 取代某人的位置

in three days’ time 三天之内

to start with 起初;开始时

Section B

remain happy forever 永远保持快乐

search for 寻找

keep one’s eyes on the ground 某人的眼睛盯着地面

a heavy weight on one’s shoulders 某人双肩沉重

the worst day of one’s life 某人一生中最糟糕的一天

on the school soccer field 学校足球场上

miss scoring that goal 错过进球

let sb. down 使某人失望

because of 因为

kick sb. off 开除某人

walk through the door 走进门去

be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻;对某人要求严厉

learn from your mistakes 从错误中吸取教训

go to soccer practice with courage 勇敢地去参加足球训练

be so close to winning that game 差点就赢了那场比赛

rather than 而不是

continue to do sth. 继续做某事

pull together 齐心协力;通力合作

to one’s relief 令某人欣慰的是

nod in agreement 点头同意

Unit 12

Section A

take a shower 洗淋浴

by the time ... 在……以前

alarm clock 闹钟

go off (闹钟)发出响声

keep doing sth. 一直做某事

wake up 醒来

put on some clothes 穿上衣服

rush out of the door 冲出门外

give ... a lift 捎……一程

at least 至少

be five minutes late for class 上课迟到5分钟

be full of ... 充满……

arrive at 到达

be about to do sth. 正要做某事

even though 即使;尽管

wait in line with ... 与……一起排队等待

go on 继续;发生

stare at sb. / sth. 盯着某人 / 某物

in disbelief 不信;怀疑地

jump out of bed 从床上跳下来

go straight to the airport 直奔机场

miss my plane 误了航班

think to oneself 心中想;盘算

wait till the next day 等到第二天

hear about 听说

the day before 前一天

turn into 变成

show up 露面;赶到

by the end of 在(某时间点)以前

Section B

get dressed 穿上衣服

costume party 化装舞会

stay up all night 整晚熬夜

April Fool’s Day 愚人节

an introduction to ... 对……的介绍

take place 发生

local supermarkets 当地的超市

sell out 卖光

lose weight 减肥

find out 弄清;查明

end up doing sth. 以做某事告终

get married 结婚

cancel his show 取消他的节目

hundreds of 成百上千的;数以百计的

thousands of 成千上万的;数以千计的

police officers 警官

rush to ... 匆忙去……

more than 超过;多于

run away from 逃离

on the first day of school 在上学第一天

turn around 转向;回转

hand in 上交

Unit 13

Section A

write to ... 给……写信

the bottom of the river 河底

throw litter into the river 往河里扔垃圾

clean up ... 把……打扫干净

land / air / noise / water / waste pollution

土地 / 空气 / 噪音 / 水 / 垃圾污染

turn ... into ... 把……变成……

cut down air pollution 减少空气污染

instead of 代替

be good for ... 对……有好处

take away food 外卖食品

keep public places clean and beautiful 保持公共场所干净美观

make a difference 影响;有作用

lead to 带来;导致

hear of 听说

a bowl of shark fin soup 一碗鱼翅羹

cut off 切掉

be harmful to ... 对……有害

no longer 不再

at the top of ... 在……顶部或顶端

the food chain 食物链

environmental protection group 环境保护组织

develop laws 制定法律

so far 到目前为止

scientific studies 科学研究

take part in 参加

help out 帮助摆脱(困境)

take action 采取行动

begin with ... 以……开始

save electricity 省电

turn off the lights / shower 关灯 / 淋浴器

pay for 付费;付出代价

add up 加起来

use public transportation 使用公共交通工具

Section B

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

ride in cars 乘小汽车

paper napkins 餐巾纸

throw away 扔掉;抛弃

put sth. to good use 好好利用某物

have a creative mind 拥有创意的头脑

build ... out of ... 用……建造……

pull ... down 拆下;摧毁

upside down 上下颠倒;倒转

in front of ... 在……前面

win a prize 获奖

open a small shop 开一家小店

set up a website 建网站

sell ... online 在网上出售……

use ... to do sth. 用……做某事

set up a small business 经营小生意

be known for doing sth. 因做某事而闻名

look like 看起来像

the importance of environmental protection环境保护的重要性

bring back 恢复;使想起;归还

Unit 14

Section A

win a prize 获奖

do a survey 做一项调查

meet the standards of a strict teacher 符合一位严师的标准

score two goals in a row 连续进两个球

play the keyboard 弹键盘式的电子乐器

join the school band 加入学校乐队

teaching method 教学方法

clear instructions 明确的指示

be patient with sb. 对某人有耐心

work out the answers 计算出答案

explain sth. to sb. 给某人解释某事

because of 因为

put in more effort 付出更多的努力

look back at 回首(往事);回忆;回顾

morning readings 早读

school sports day 学校体育节

long hours of training 长时间的训练

overcome fear 克服恐惧

prepare for ... 为……做准备

art festival 艺术节

make a mess 弄得一团糟

a foreign land 异国他乡

bring many challenges 带来重重挑战

keep one’s cool 沉住气;保持冷静

kind and caring teachers 和蔼体贴的老师们

senior high school 高中

read texts 读课文

go by (时间)逝去;过去

my English level 我的英语水平

with sb.’s help 在某人的帮助下

Section B

get a business degree 获得商学位

in the future 将来

believe in 信任;信赖

accept the invitation 接受邀请

junior high school 初中

look forward to 期望

attend the graduation ceremony 参加毕业典礼

first of all 首先

be thirsty for knowledge 渴求知识

grow up 成长

over the last three years 在过去的三年里

important people in your lives 你们生命中重要的人

be thankful to sb. 对某人心存感激

the beginning of a new life 新生活的开始

ahead of ... 在……前面

along with 连同;除……以外还

make your own choices 做出你自己的选择

be responsible for ... 对……负责任

in a few years’ time 几年以后

set out on your new journey 踏上你的新征程

none of (三个或以上)都不 / 没有一个

separate from 分离;隔开

be proud of 为……骄傲;感到自豪